T-shirt producers use many phrases to explain their merchandise. The phrases usually are not all the time constant and it helps to have a reference information.
The next is the official Inexperienced Man T-Shirts Information to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A regular spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes 40 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The upper quantity means https://www.amazon.com/TheTshack-Brother-Toddler-Infant-T-Shirt/dp/B079C2NJLC/ a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer material is created. T-shirts fabricated from 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have higher drape than t-shirts fabricated from 20s. The phrases are used some ways, nevertheless it’s the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads could be twisted collectively into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads had been twisted collectively, it might be known as 20/2.
Bamboo Material: Rayon made out of bamboo cellulose. Though rayon is a man-made artificial materials, most consultants agree it’s readily biodegradable. Bamboo material is extraordinarily delicate and has wonderful drape.
Bamboo: Quick rising plant, categorised as a grass, which could be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.
Bleach Wash: A course of that makes use of bleach to melt and misery the look of the material being washed.
Boat Neck: A really huge neckline that runs throughout the collarbone space to the shoulder factors. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, the place the huge neck enabled fast removing if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Girls’s style reply to the spouse beater. A girls’s tank prime, though it may be any colour.
Brushed Cotton: A technique to take away extra lint and fibers from cotton material. Brushed cotton often has a really delicate, easy end.
Burn-Out: A course of that makes use of sulfuric acid or different robust acid to “burn-out” elements of a cloth knit, often a polyester/cotton mix. The method provides a see-through, very sheer impact.
Cap Sleeves: Often refers to shorter sleeves on girls’s clothes.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Referred to as a “greenhouse” gasoline due to its relationship with international warming. A couple of t-shirt producers are actually measuring and recording the CO2 emissions concerned in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Belief: Unbiased group based in 2001 in Nice Britain that displays carbon emissions. The Carbon Belief works with corporations to assist cut back their carbon footprint, and now certifies corporations and merchandise as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A couple of t-shirt corporations now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing course of that eliminates brief fibers and removes dust and overseas matter. Carding could be carried out by hand or by giant machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-only cotton is just not as fascinating as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: One other identify for enzyme wash. This offers material a delicate really feel and a classic look, relying on how the wash is completed.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell partitions of sure vegetation. Helpful in ensuring forms of materials, together with acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo material is definitely rayon made out of bamboo cellulose.
Low-cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, utilizing 18/1 thread, often knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used typically as low-cost promotional give-aways.
Local weather Impartial: A time period used to explain an organization, course of, or product that has zero impression on the Earth’s local weather. A couple of t-shirt producers promote their firm as local weather impartial.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Referred to as a “greenhouse” gasoline due to its relationship with international warming.
Colorfastness: The power of a garment to face up to a number of washings with out dropping its colour.
Combed Cotton: A technique to take away brief fibers and to rearrange longer fibers parallel to create a easy, wonderful cotton yarn. Combed cotton has excessive power, wonderful uniformity, and higher hand. Combed cotton prices extra and is utilized in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A course of that compacts the house between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to scale back shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a special colour than the garment. Provides a pleasant design element in t-shirts.
Management Union: A global group that gives certification companies for quite a lot of programs–including many natural certification packages. Certifies USDA Natural, in addition to GOTS (World Natural Textile Customary).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy material with a easy flat face and a extra textured however uniform again. Common weight per yard is about 5.5 to six ounces. Primary t-shirts are fabricated from cotton jersey. Effective cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A pure fiber that’s the preferred on the earth for materials. Cotton fibers are often ½ to 2 inches lengthy. Longer fibers produce finer cotton material. Varieties comparable to Pima and Egyptian, which characteristic fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra extremely valued than atypical varieties.
Crew Neck: A spherical close-fitting neckline. Commonest neck on t-shirts.
Crop Prime: A shirt with a brief physique to it; made to reveal the midriff space.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used totally on sleeve/backside hems and refers to a parallel row of sewing. Any such stitching provides sturdiness and a cleaner, extra completed look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a cloth hangs. A material like bamboo rayon has wonderful drape, whereas a rough material like burlap has little or no. T-shirts which have good drape qualities really feel nicer to put on.
Drop Tail: A garment that includes a longer again than entrance.
Eco-Pleasant: Extraordinarily free time period that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Nearly ineffective in realistically assessing a product. Favourite time period utilized by inexperienced washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its lengthy size of fiber. Attire made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to assist individuals who endure most from environmental abuses comparable to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly lively in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash course of utilizing particular enzymes to supply a delicate end and easy look to a cloth. Ages dyes to create a particular look to dyed materials. Enzyme washing is bodily much less harsh on the material in comparison with stone washing.
European Reduce: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full minimize males’s t-shirt, dimension giant, often runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A males’s giant European minimize will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically extra.
Material Dyed: Material dyed earlier than being minimize and sewn right into a completed piece of clothes.
Truthful Labor Affiliation: A nonprofit group devoted to ending sweatshop circumstances in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, particularly essential within the attire enterprise the place working circumstances have traditionally been so poor.
Truthful Put on Basis: A global group devoted to enhancing garment staff’ lives everywhere in the world. Works with corporations that produce clothes and different sewn merchandise and that take accountability for his or her provide chain.
Effective Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy material with a easy flat face and a extra textured however uniform again. Effective cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with wonderful cotton jersey have a greater drape and really feel than common t-shirts. Often made with 30s and better cotton thread, and weighs about Four.three ounces per sq. yard.
Fitted Reduce: Definitions range, however usually a fitted minimize refers to a minimize that flatters the physique. Used typically in girls’s t-shirts, the center part of the shirt will likely be tighter than the highest or backside. General, the shirts run narrower than a fundamental full minimize.
Full Reduce: A beneficiant, roomy minimize. In t-shirts, tubular types are usually thought-about full-cut, however there are exceptions. Full Reduce differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been minimize and sewn right into a completed article of clothes.
Garment Washed: A course of the place completed articles of clothes are washed, often with added softeners to enhance the look and feel of the material.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used within the 1990s when customers turned apprehensive about genetically modified meals. Many corporations now apply the GMO free label on all the things from meals to pure materials, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for World Natural Textile Customary. A venture of the Worldwide Working Group. They’ve developed requirements to make sure natural standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, to be able to present a reputable assurance to the tip shopper. An natural t-shirt that meets the requirements could be GOTS licensed.
Inexperienced: Generic time period utilized by advertising gurus to advertise merchandise. One other favourite time period of “green-washers,” who’re hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none actual dedication.
Inexperienced-Washing: Take off on the time period “white-washing,” however in an environmental context. Corporations that green-wash are paying lip-service to environmental issues to draw extra enterprise, however have not taken any actual steps to be environmentally accountable.
Hand: The way in which a cloth feels to the contact. A material that feels delicate and easy is taken into account to have an excellent hand.
Hemp Material: Hemp, or Hashish sativa, has been used for cloth for 1000’s of years, largely as an industrial material. Newer processing strategies have made it appropriate for finer clothes, and now it’s utilized in many clothes articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its power and sturdiness.
Henley T-Shirt: Just like a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or three buttons (typically as much as 5 buttons are used, however that is unusual). A Henley could be both brief or lengthy sleeved.
Ice Wash: A technique of stone washing the place the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This methodology produces a frosted look to material.
Interlock Knit: A kind of knit that may be very delicate and has an excellent drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, however much less stretchy than rib knit. Utilized in very wonderful clothes.
Jersey Knit: Generally present in t-shirts and is probably the most sturdy of knits. It’s gentle weight, and has wonderful vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island within the English Channel. Effective cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with wonderful cotton threads comparable to 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up material had been made. There are numerous forms of knits. Jersey Knit is usually present in t-shirts and is probably the most sturdy of knits. It’s gentle weight, and has wonderful vertical ribs. Then again, rib knits have heavy ribs operating down the material, whereas interlock knits are utilized in very wonderful materials. T-shirt collars are often rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless fashion t-shirt, however not precisely a tank prime. Primary t-shirt, simply with out the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is way wider than an atypical tank prime.
Neck Tape: A skinny strip of material sewn over the seam operating throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered sew. Also known as “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek 100: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Affiliation, which assures customers that the attire they purchase is chemical free and poses no threat to their well being. Below the Oeko-Tex customary, clothes have to be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and different poisonous chemical compounds.
Natural Attire: A time period very loosely utilized within the garment business. It might imply something from 100% natural to as little as 6% natural. Usually mixed with phrases like Eco-Pleasant, Inexperienced, and so forth. Shoppers should verify the labels and confirm the supplies used to see if one thing is actually natural or not.
Natural Cotton: Cotton grown with out using pesticides. Licensed natural cotton has been inspected to insure it really is natural.
Natural Soil Affiliation: Based in 1946 by a bunch of farmers, scientists and nutritionists involved concerning the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental well being. The Natural Soil Affiliation pioneered the primary natural requirements in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet these requirements.
Overdyed: A course of the place beforehand dyed clothes or materials are dyed with an extra colour to create a novel look.
Efficiency T: Identify for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outside lovers. Efficiency Ts are characterised by their breathability, moisture wicking, quick drying, and odor management capabilities. Many efficiency Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or can be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, resulting from their absorbency and wicking properties, have turn out to be often known as efficiency t-shirts, though they don’t dry as quick as efficiency t-shirts fabricated from 100% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Offered this approach to t-shirt customizers who need to create their very own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A kind of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed within the U.S. within the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It options longer fibers and is used typically in wonderful males’s and ladies’s shirts. The identify Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the primary crops of the brand new cotton because it was first grown within the U.S.
Pique: A technique of knitting that creates a waffle-type, wonderful textured floor. Used typically in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used extensively in attire, particularly mixed with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers back to the means of pre-shrinking material earlier than it’s minimize and sewn. Often it refers to an precise completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk shrinks much less as soon as the client washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will nonetheless shrink a bit, nonetheless, particularly if dried utilizing a garments dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Fashion of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run on to the collar. Often the sleeves are a contrasting colour from the physique. Raglan sleeves are wider below the arms, and are most well-liked by wearers who need most freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts often characteristic a raglan sleeve fashion.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its important ingredient. Rayon may be very delicate, has wonderful drape, and may be very absorbent. Initially developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterised by heavy vertical ribs operating down the material. Rib knits are often categorised as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This allows you to know the width of the rib in comparison with the house between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the house between every rib is similar width because the ribs. However a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as huge because the areas in between. Rib knit may be very stretchy and is commonly used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continual spinning leads to a softer really feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with coloured sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in varied colours.
Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand whereas washing a garment or material to melt and misery it.
Satin Washed: One other time period for silicone washed, which produces a really easy and delicate end to material, and in addition provides the material good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Vast, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in girls’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very gentle weight jersey knit, weighing about three.9 ounces per yard. A bit stretchier than wonderful jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of material sewn over the seam operating throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered sew.
Shrinkage: Often refers to cotton attire and the quantity it may be anticipated to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, however Four-5% shrinkage can nonetheless be anticipated.
Aspect Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam operating down at either side below the arm sleeves to the underside hem. Aspect seamed t-shirts are costlier to fabricate.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a really easy and delicate end to material, and in addition provides the material good draping properties.
Singlet: one other time period for a males’s tank prime.
Slim Reduce: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full minimize males’s t-shirt, dimension giant, often runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A slim minimize will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically extra.
Stonewashed: A washing course of that makes use of lava rocks or typically silicon and rubber balls. This methodology makes material softer and offers it an aged or distressed look. Typically bleach is used on this course of.
Tank Prime: T-Shirt characterised by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The identify got here from the early time period for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” however a skinny strip of material sewn over the seam operating throughout the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered sew.
Tubular Fashion:A mode that has no facet seams; the physique of the t-shirt is spherical and straight. Tubular t-shirts are inexpensive to fabricate, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No customary definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however usually talking a unisex t-shirt is fabricated from lighter weight, wonderful cotton jersey, facet seamed, and never minimize as full as an everyday males’s t-shirt. The sleeves usually are not additional brief, like cap sleeves, however usually are not full elbow lengths both. The physique size is often medium/lengthy. Nonetheless, there are huge variations in unisex t-shirts, relying on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite tv for pc that turned impartial in 1991 and is infamous for its cotton manufacturing strategies, which embody compelled little one labor and environmentally damaging practices. Moral attire corporations boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nonetheless, many corporations do not care and have refused to hitch within the boycott as a result of Uzbekistan cotton is reasonable.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle fashion of neckline. Will be deep or shallow, relying on the fashion. Often favored by girls, however a shallow fashion v-neck is fashionable amongst males.