Internationally on February 14th, many flowers, playing cards and items can be exchanged between family members, as St. Valentine’s day is widely known.
Nonetheless, the story of why we have a good time at the present time is a little bit of a thriller.
The custom of St. Valentine’s Day mixes components of each historical Roman rites and Christian custom. Simply to confuse issues additional, three totally different saints referred to as Valentine are recognised by the Catholic Church.
One legend is that Valentine was a priest in Rome in the course of the third century. Emperor Claudius II decreed that marriage was to be outlawed for younger males, as he thought that single males made higher troopers than those that have been married with households Happy Valentine Day 2018.
Valentine, felt the decree was unjust and unfair, and defied the Emperor by performing secret marriages for younger lovers. When his actions for undercover lovers was found, Claudius ordered valentine be executed. Variations on this legend say that Valentine was put to loss of life for attempting to assist fellow Christians escape from harsh Roman prisons the place they have been usually tortured.
In line with one other legend, Valentine could have truly despatched the primary ‘valentine’ greeting himself in 270 AD the day earlier than he was to be executed for refusing to surrender his Christian beliefs. Allegedly he despatched notice of appreciation to his jailer’s blind daughter for bringing him meals and delivering messages whereas he was imprisoned, signed “out of your Valentine.
Whereas we will by no means make sure as to the true origin of the St. Valentine legend, one factor is for sure, it will need to have been an interesting and enduring story as a result of by the Center Ages, Valentine had change into one of the standard saints in France and Britain.
The timing observance of his saint’s day could have been pushed by the widespread place observe of attempting to combine earlier pagan festivals into the Christian calendar. on this case, the Lupercalia pageant.
In historical Rome, February was seen as the start of spring and was thought-about a time for purification. Homes have been ritually cleansed by sweeping them out after which sprinkling salt and wheat all through the interiors (we nonetheless discuss with Spring Cleansing to at the present time).
Lupercalia, which started on the ‘ides (15th) of February’, was a fertility pageant devoted to the agricultural god Lupercus and to the Goddess of Love, Juno, in addition to to the Roman founders Romulus and Remus. Roman maidens positioned their names into an urn arrange within the public squares and younger single males drew from it to get a ‘blind date’ for the approaching yr. Most of the time, these annual matches usually led to marriage.
St. Valentine’s Day was set at February 14th by Pope Gelasius, at round 500 AD. By this time, the ‘lottery’ system for romantic courting was deemed un-Christian and had been outlawed. Through the Center Ages, the observe of affection lotteries carried on as ‘Likelihood Bins’. In France , drawings from the containers allotted one yr to get married or half firm. In England, it was a typical observe for males to put on the title of the lady they drew from the prospect containers on their sleeve, encircled with a coronary heart.
Additionally presently, it was generally believed in elements of England and France that February 14 marked the start of birds’ mating season, which elevated the notion that Valentine’s Day ought to be a day for love.
Valentines messages began to look across the starting of the Fifteenth century, and even in these formative occasions they have been usually given anonymously, maybe reminiscent of the unknown recipients of the Roman lotteries.
The oldest recognized valentine nonetheless in existence right now was a poem written by Charles, Duke of Orleans to his spouse whereas he was imprisoned within the Tower of London following his seize on the Battle of Agincourt. The greeting, which was written in 1415, is a part of the manuscript assortment of the British Library in London.
In the UK, St. Valentine’s Day turned a well-liked celebration across the 1600’s. It continued to take maintain, with the acquainted “roses are pink, violets are blue” verses making their debut someday within the seventeenth century. By the 1850’s, it was widespread for lovers from all social standings to offer their adored ones small items or handwritten letters. On the similar time, in France, individuals started to embellish their valentines with ribbons and lace.
By the beginning of the 20 th century, the handwritten letters gave approach to playing cards as advances in printing know-how had improved the standard of printed playing cards. On the time, it was culturally discouraged for individuals to point out their feelings in such a direct method as a letter, so a printed card was a extra acceptable technique. Extra reasonably priced postage prices and growing use of the postal system most likely contributed to the rise in recognition of the Valentine’s card.
People most likely first started exchanging handmade valentines with verses within the early 1700s. Within the mid nineteenth century, the primary mass-produced valentines started to go on sale in America. Miss Esther Howland, an artist and entrepreneur, turned the primary common writer of valentines within the USA. Sometimes called ‘the Mom of the Valentine’, Miss Howland designed many elaborate creations utilizing lace, ribbons and vibrant footage generally known as “scrap”. Her playing cards normally price between $5 – $10 every, with some as a lot as $35, astonishingly costly for the time.
The Greeting Card Affiliation estimates that if we embody youngsters’s classroom valentines, over one billion valentine playing cards can be opened this yr. St. Valentine’s Day is the second largest card-sending time of the yr, accounting for 25% of all seasonal card gross sales (Christmas accounts for 60%).
It’s estimated that ladies buy 80 % of all valentine’s playing cards, which signifies that a big proportion of males both overlook, or aren’t very romantic in terms of reciprocating! Valentine’s Day is widely known within the USA, Canada, Mexico, United Kingdom, France, and Australia, and is growing in recognition in lots of different elements of the world.
Info about Valentine’s day playing cards (from the Greeting Card Affiliation)
Roughly 25% of particular person valentine playing cards are humorous, with adults aged 35-and-under being the most probably to ship humorous playing cards. Valentines Day is the biggest e-card sending event of the yr. An estimated 14 million e-valentines can be despatched in 2008. Greeting playing cards are historically the preferred Valentines Day reward within the U.S., rating forward of goodies, flowers or dinner out. American males could also be extra critical about Valentines Day than ladies. In a nationwide survey for GCA in 2007, 45% of ladies mentioned they have been probably to offer a humorous valentine to their sweetheart, in comparison with solely 34% of males. The share of particular person valentines exchanged by way of the mail compared to hand supply is roughly 50-50. Purple is the preferred coloration selection for valentine playing cards, observe by pink after which white. Hearts, roses, Cupid and lace are conventional valentine card icons.